Special Olympics

 Special Olympics is the world’s largest sports organization for children and adults with intellectual disabilities, providing year-round training and competitions to more than 3.1 million athletes in 175 countries. Alternating between summer and winter, the Special Olympics World Games are held every two years. Often the Games are the largest sporting event to take place in the World that year. There are also local, national and regional competitions in over 175 countries worldwide.

History

The first International Special Olympics Summer Games were held at Soldier Field  in Chicago in 1968. Ane Mcglone Burke , a physical education teacher with the Chicago Park District, began with the idea for a one-time Olympic-style athletic competition for people with special needs. Burke then approached Eunice Kennedy Shriver,  head of the Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. Foundation, to fund the event. Shriver encouraged Burke to expand on the idea and the JPK Foundation provided a grant of $25,000. More than 1,000 athletes from across the United States and Canada participated. At the Games, Shriver announced the formation of Special Olympics. Shriver’s sister, Rosemary Kennedy, underwent a lobotomy in an effort by her father to cure her mental illness. The brain damage inflicted by the operation caused her to be permanently incapacitated.  This disability is often credited as Shriver’s inspiration to form the Special Olympics, but Shriver told The New York Times  in 1995 that was not the case.

In June 1962, Eunice Kennedy Shriver started a day camp, known as Camp Shriver, for children with intellectual disabilities at her home in Potomac, Maryland. Using Camp Shriver as an example, Shriver promoted the concept of involvement in physical activity and competition opportunities for people with intellectual disabilities. Camp Shriver became an annual event, and the Kennedy Foundation (of which Shriver was Executive Vice President) gave grants to universities, recreation departments and community centers to hold similar camps.

In 1971, The U.S. Olympic Committee  gave the Special Olympics official approval to use the name “Olympics”.

The first International Special Olympics Winter Games were held in February 1977 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, USA.

In 1988, the Special Olympics was officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

In 1997, Healthy Athletes became an official Special Olympics initiative, offering health information and screenings to Special Olympics athletes worldwide.

The crowd at the 2003 Special Olympics World  Summer Games  Opening Ceremonies in Croke Park, Dublin,  Ireland.

In 2003 the first Special Olympics World Summer Games to be held outside of the United States took place in Dublin Ireland. Approximately 7000 athletes from 150 countries competed over 18 disciplines. The Dublin  games were also the first to have their own opening and closing ceremonies broadcast live, performed by President of Ireland Mary Mcaleese. Most significantly the 2003 Games dramatically changed the perceptions and attitudes of society regarding the abilities and limitations of people with intellectual disabilities. The Opening Ceremony of the 2003 Games  has been described by President of Ireland Mary McAleese as “a time when Ireland was at its superb best”.

On October 30, 2004, President George W. Bush signed into law the “Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act,” Public Law 108-406. The bill authorized funding for its Healthy Athletes, Education, and Worldwide Expansion programs.  Co-sponsored by Representatives Roy Blunt  (R-MO), and Steny Hoyer St (D-MD), and Senators Rick Santorum  (R-PA) and Harry Reid  (D-NV), the bills were passed by unanimous consent in both chambers.

In July 2006, the first Special Olympics USA National Games were held at Iowa State University. Teams from all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated.

In April 2007, a large group of athletes and volunteers in the San Diego area broke away from the Special Olympics to start a new group to serve athletes with developmental disabilities ages 5 through adult: Sports for Exceptional Athletes.

In 2008, the Special Olympics and Best Buddies International launched the Spread the Word to End the Word campaign to encourage individuals to stop using the word “retard” in everyday speech.

In 2010, the first Latin America Regional Special Olympics on U.S. soil was held in San Juan’s Hiram Bithorn Stadium.

Result of 1991 Special Olympics Minneapolis, USA

Sl. No.

Athletes

Event

Medal

1.

Fahmida Hossain Luna Athletics 1 Gold

2.

Masum Ekaram(Masum) Athletics                      1 Silver    1 Bronze

3.

Faizur Rahman (Sunny) Athletics                      1 Silver    1 Bronze

4.

Asif Ud Dowla (Asif) Athletics                      1 Silver

5.

Manzur Murshed Khan (Polash) Athletics                                     1 Bronze

Result of 1995 Special Olympics –World Summer Games

Sl. No.

Athletes

Event

Medal

1.

Palash Athletics 1 Gold

2.

Fahmida Hosain Luna Athletics 1 Gold                          1 Bronze

3.

Masum Ekram Athletics 1 Gold

4.

Kazi Ehsan Hoque Athletics                    2 Silver

5.

Asif-Ud-Dawla Athletics                    1 Silver     1 Bronze

6.

Faizur Rahman Sani Athletics 1 Gold

7.

Rumana Salam Athletics 1 Gold                          1 Bronze

8.

Sahriar Parvez Sumon Athletics 1 Gold          1 Silver     1 Bronze

9.

Iqbal Rashid Sumon Athletics 1 Gold

Result of 1999 Special Olympics

Sl. No.

Athletes

Event

Medal

1.

Zakia Sultana Athletics 3 Gold

2.

Shahriar Parvez Sumon Athletics 2 Gold

3.

Wasiur Rahman Athletics 2 Gold

4.

Salma Akter Athletics 1 Gold       1 Silver

5.

Amir Hossain Athletics 1 Gold

6.

Masuma Begum Kazal Athletics 1 Gold

7.

Kazi Shariful Hasan Roni Athletics 1 Gold       1 Silver

8.

Sharmin Lipy Athletics 1 Gold       1 Silver

9.

Abu Ashraf Sarker Athletics 1 Gold

10.

Syed Golam Gaus Athletics 1 Gold                           1 Bronze

11.

Mominul Hasan Athletics                  2 Silver       1 Bronze

12.

Shaila Akter Athletics 1 Gold

13.

Amir Hossain Athletics 1 Gold       1 Silver

14.

Msuma Begum Kazol Badminton(Single) 1 Gold       1 Silver

15.

Rownok Jahan Poli Badminton(Single) 2 Gold       1 Silver

16.

Shelina Parvin Sheuly Badminton(Single) 1 Gold                           1 Bronze

17.

Sirajuddin Ahmed Shiplo,Mahmud Hossain,

Amir Hossain, Abu Ashraf

Relay Race 4 Gold

18.

Rumana Salam Badminton(Single)                                   3 Bronze

19.

Shaheed Mahmud

Football

1 Gold

20.

Raqidbul Hasan Tutul 1 Gold

21.

Kazi Ehsan Hoque 1 Gold

22.

Nazmul Islam Shahin 1 Gold

23.

Masum Ekram 1 Gold

24.

Md. Abdul Hamid 1 Gold

25.

Taufiqur Rahman 1 Gold

26.

Manjur Murhed Khan 1 Gold

27.

Md. Iqbal Rashid 1 Gold

28.

Md. Shanto Islam 1 Gold

29.

Jami Chowdhury 1 Gold

Result of 2003 Special Olympics Ireland(Dublin)

Sl. No.

Athletes

Event

Medal

    1. Nipa Bose Athletics 2 Gold
    2. Salma Akter Athletics 2 Gold
    3. Ali Asgar Athletics 1 Gold
    4. Syed Golam Gaus Athletics 1 Gold
    5. Soibal Khan Athletics 1 Gold                             1 Bronze
    6. Silvia Rahman Athletics 1 Gold
    7. Kazi Ehsamul Hoque Badminton 1 Gold
    8. Ashraful Alam Athletics                    1 Silver
    9. Mukta Khandoker Athletics                    1 Silver         1 Bronze
   10. Anjoli Rani Athletics                                        1  Bronze
   11. Rumana Salam Badminton                    1 Silver
   12. Tariqul islam Badminton 1  Bronze
   13. Abu Ashraf Sarker Athletics 1  Silver
   14. Jami Chowdhury

Football

   15. Shafiq Ahamed Chowdhury
   16. Mahmud Hossain
   17. Monjur Khan 8  Gold
   18. Anisuzzaman Mondal
   19. Tauhidur Rahman
   20. Md. Rashid
   21. Najmul Shahin

Result of 2007 Special Olympics-World Summer Games, Shanghai, China

Sl. No.

Athletes

Event

Medal

1.

Rasedul Islam Rana Athletics 2 Gold

2.

Ariful Islam Rony Athletics                 2 Silver

3.

Rezanul Haque Reza Athletics                 1 Silver

4.

Rafiqul islam Athletics                 2 Silver

5.

Mukta Kandaker Athletics                 1 Silver

6.

Zerin Yesmin Banna Athletics 1 Gold                         1 Bronze

7.

Rebeka Akhter Athletics                                   1 Bronze

8.

Sharmin Lipi Athletics 1 Gold                         1 Bronze

9.

Moninul Islam Badminton 1 Gold                         1 Bronze

10.

Tariqul Islam Badminton 1 Gold       1 Silver       1 Bronze

11.

Sheuli Shathy Badminton                 1 Silver       1 Bronze

12.

Inina Aziz Shammi Badminton 1 Gold       1 Silver       1 Bronze

13.

Mahmud Bin Abdulla Rusho Bocce 1 Gold                         1 Bronze

14.

A.K.M. sahidul Islam Bocce 1 Gold       1 Silver       1 Bronze

15.

Sonia Pervin Bocce 2 Gold                         1 Bronze

16.

Farhana Tanzia Ethu Bocce 1 Gold       1 Silver       1 Bronze

17.

Lavel Md. Zavid Cricket  1 Gold

18.

Ariful Islam Joy Cricket 1 Gold

19.

Nayem Hossain Shishir Cricket 1 Gold

20.

Nakul Chandra Dus Cricket 1 Gold

21.

Haripada Das Cricket 1 Gold

22.

Wasiur Rahman Shathir Cricket 1 Gold

23.

Md. imran Rashid Iman Cricket 1 Gold

24..

Ashraful Alam Shaon Cricket 1 Gold

25

Md. Awlad Hossain Cricket 1 Gold

26.

Imam Hasan Cricket 1 Gold

27.

Md. Shahidul Islam Cricket 1 Gold

28

Sajjadul Huq Cricket 1 Gold

29.

Md Shaibal Khan Cricket 1 Gold

30.

Syed Md. Himel Cricket 1 Gold

Result of 2011 Special Olympics-World Games, Athens

Sl. No.

Athletes

Event

Medal

1.

Bibi Fatema Athletics 2 Gold

2.

Kaniz Fatema Athletics 2 Gold

3.

Anowar Hossain Athletics 1 Gold

4.

Naily Zaman Athletics 1 Gold        1 Silver

5.

B.M. Kafi Uzzal Bocce 2 Gold        1 Silver

6.

Mongurul Islam Bocce 2 Gold        1 Silver

7.

Hamim Abdulla Football 1 Gold

8.

Nazmul Hassan Sunny Football 1 Gold

9.

Asraful Alam Milton Football 1 Gold

10.

Haripada Das Football 1 Gold

11.

Saiful Islam Football 1 Gold

12.

Soybal Khan Football 1 Gold

13.

Abdul Hamid Reaz Football 1 Gold

14.

Alomgir Hossain Football 1 Gold

15.

Nakul Chandra Das Football 1 Gold

16.

Juwel Boyati Football 1 Gold

17.

Md. Yasin Ali Football 1 Gold

18.

Lavel Md. Zaviad Football 1 Gold

19.

Md. Mizaur Rahman Football 1 Gold

20.

Inina Aziz Shammi Badminton 1 Gold         1Silver       1 Bronze

21.

Mohammad Masud Swimming 1 Gold

22.

Farhana Tanzia Ethu Table Tanis 1 Gold         1Silver

23.

Rais Ahmed Table Tanis 2 Gold

24.

Ridwan Reza Rabbi Table Tanis 1 Gold         1Silver

25.

Nipa Bose Table Tanis 1 Gold

26.

Tanjia Islam Tanu Athletics                   1 Silver

27.

Rofiqul Islam Athletics                   1 Silver

28.

Sylvia Rahman Bocce                   2 Silver      1 Bronze

29.

Rabeya Khatur Badminton                   1 Silver      1 Bronze

30.

Mominul Islam Badminton                   1 Silver

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